Imagine yourself desperately hoping to find a yellow glint of golden, sitting in a stream swirling water in a pan and dreaming of striking it rich. America has come a long way now, but gold retains a place within our global economy. Following is a comprehensive introduction to hints on where beginners should start, the risks and benefits of each strategy, and gold , from we obtain it to to invest in it and why it’s invaluable.

It was also difficult to dig gold and the harder something is to get, the greater it’s valued. Over time, people started using the metal as a way to facilitate commerce and accumulate and store riches. In reality, early paper monies were normally backed by gold, together with each printed bill corresponding to an quantity of gold stored in a vault somewhere for which it may, technically, be exchanged (this rarely happened).

So the connection between gold and paper money has been broken modern currencies are largely fiat currencies. However, the yellow metal is still loved by people. Where does demand for gold come from The demand industry by far is jewelry, which accounts for approximately 50% of gold demand. Another 40% stems from direct investment such as that used to create silver, gold, medals, and gold bars.

It is different than numismatic coins, collectibles that exchange based on demand for the specific type of coin as opposed to its gold content.) Investors in gold include people banks, and, more lately, exchange-traded funds which purchase gold on behalf of others. Gold is often viewed as a investment.

This is only one of the reasons that when financial markets are volatile, investors have a tendency to push the price of gold up. Since gold is a good conductor of electricity, the demand for gold comes from industry, for use in matters such as dentistry, heat shields, and gadgets. Is the price of gold is a commodity which deals based on supply and demand.

Though downturns do lead to a reductions in demand from this industry, the demand for jewelry is quite constant. Push its price higher when investors are concerned about the market and based on the rise in demand.

How much gold is there Gold is actually quite plentiful in character but is hard to extract. By way of instance, seawater includes gold but in such amounts it would cost more to extract than the gold would be worth. So there is a difference between the access to gold and just how much gold there is on earth.

Advances in extraction methods or gold prices could change that number. Gold has been found in quantities that indicate it may be worth extracting if costs rose near thermal vents. Image source: Getty Images. How can we get gold Although panning for gold was a frequent practice during the California Gold Rush, nowadays it’s mined from the floor.

Therefore, a miner might actually produce gold for a by-product of its mining attempts. Miners start by finding a place where they consider gold is situated that it can be obtained. Then agencies and local authorities need to grant the business permission to build and run a mine.

How does gold hold its value in a recession The answer depends upon how you invest in gold, however a quick look at gold prices relative to stock prices throughout the bear market of the 2007-2009 downturn provides a telling example. Between Nov. 30, 2007, and June 1, 2009, the S&P 500 index dropped 36%.

This is the latest example of a material and protracted inventory downturn, but it’s also a particularly dramatic one because, at the moment, there were very real concerns regarding the viability of the international financial system. Gold often performs well as investors seek out investments, when capital markets are in turmoil.

Investment Option Pros Disadvantages Cases Jewelry High markups Questionable resale value Just about any piece of gold jewelry with sufficient gold material (generally 14k or high ) Physical gold Immediate exposure Tangible ownership Markups No upside beyond gold price changes Storage Can be difficult to liquidate Collectible coins Bullion (noncollectible gold bars and coins) Gold certificates Immediate exposure No need to own physical gold Only as good as the company that backs them Only a few companies issue them Mostly illiquid Gold ETFs Direct exposure Highly liquid prices No upside past gold price changes SPDR Gold Shares (NYSEMKT: GLD) Futures contracts Small up-front capital necessary to control a large amount of gold Highly liquid Indirect gold vulnerability Highly leveraged Contracts are time-limited Futures trades from the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (continuously updating as old contracts expire) Gold mining stocks Upside from mine growth Usually tracks gold prices Indirect gold vulnerability Mine working risks Exposure to additional commodities Barrick Gold (NYSE: ABX) Goldcorp (NYSE: GG) Newmont Goldcorp (NYSE: NEM) Gold mining-focused mutual funds and ETFs Diversification Upside from mine development Normally buys gold prices Indirect gold vulnerability Mine operating risks Exposure to additional commodities Fidelity Select Gold Portfolio (NASDAQMUTFUND: FSAGX) Van Eck Vectors Gold Miners ETF (NYSEMKT: GDX) Van Eck Vectors Junior Gold Miners ETF (NYSEMKT: GDXJ) Streaming and royaltycompanies Diversification Upside from mine growth Usually buys gold costs Consistent wide margins Indirect gold vulnerability Mine working risks Exposure to other commodities Wheaton Precious Metals (NYSE: WPM) Royal Gold (NASDAQ: RGLD) Franco-Nevada (NYSE: FNV) antiques The markups in the jewelry industry make this a terrible option for investing in gold.